|University of Tokyo|
From the 1950s, José Delgado was creating remote-controlled animals including monkeys and cats. Concurrently, Robert G. Heath was studying brain implants in humans. After front page coverage by The New York Times in 1965, and a book published in 1969 as part of the World Perspectives series about the mind, as well as being featured in a 1985 CNN special, José Delgado has still remained relatively unknown to the world despite his breakthrough research into Physical Control of the Mind now a part Cybernetic Anthropology courses at various colleges and universities.
After the University of Tokyo announced their robo-roaches in 1997, the motion picture The Fifth Element released later that year featured one.
The possible uses of remote-controlled animals range from novelty items:
…to rescue personnel:
…to military applications:
Professor Kevin Warwick notes that “if cyborgs are created with superhuman capabilities from a normal human start point, then it certainly brings about a threat to humanity itself. Perhaps the development of direct, military-style cyborgs might be possible to avoid. After all, when cyborgs exhibiting an intelligence that far surpasses that of humans are brought about, it will surely be the cyborgs themselves that make any decisions about how they treat humans.”
– Professor Kevin Warwick, I, Cyborg (London: Century, 2002), p. 239.
Kevin J. Crosby, “Brain Implants,” SkewsMe.com, at http://www.skewsme.com/implants.html (retrieved: 1 May 2013).
Kevin J. Crosby, “Neural Computers,” SkewsMe.com, at http://www.skewsme.com/wetware.html (retrieved: 1 May 2013).
Gary Kitchener, “Pentagon plans cyber-insect army,” BBC News, 16 March 2006, at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4808342.stm (retrieved: 1 May 2013).