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Neuromag-122TM neuro-magnetometer
Neuromag-122TM at HUCH

The Neuromag-122TM neuro-magnetometer employs 122 detectors to collect the complete field distribution generated by brain activity. “With the development of multichannel magnetoencephalographs biomagnetic signals can be recorded over large areas at the same time,” writes Knutsson and Gransberg. 1995. “It allows determination of the magnetic field outside the head.” 14

“The technology works by measuring the extremely faint magnetic fields produced when nerve cells in the brain fire electrical signals to communicate with one another,” explains the Dictionary of Scientific Literacy. “Biomagnetometers, which look like…beauty-parlor hair dryers, measure brain-generated magnetic fields that are one ten-millionth the strength of Earth’s magnetic field.” 15

“The biomagnetic signals originating from a[]…discharge is, however, mixed with biomagnetic signals generated by the background activity in the brain,” note Knutsson et al.16

“A long auditory stimulus elicits a magnetic evoked response in the human brain, consisting of transient deflections followed by a sustained response,” find Aittoneimi, Jarvinen, and Varpula, 1980. “The distributions of the magnetic fields indicate that the auditory evoked transient response at a latency of 100 ms as well as the auditory sustained response are generated at and around the primary auditory cortex.” 17

“These fields exhibit features with a clear spatial symmetry which can be accounted for by assuming that their source consists of two vertically oriented neuronal complexes symmetrically located deep in the temporal lobes,” find Tripp, Norgren and Teyler (1980). “This assignment, which is also consistent with the available electrical data, places the sources within the auditory cortex near the sylvian fissure.” 18

Elberling, Bak, Kofoed, Lobech and Saermark (1981), study more effects of audio on the brain:

In…right-handed male adults,…[when] stimulating the right ear the averaged magnetic field from the left hemisphere is approx. twice as great as that from the right hemisphere, whereas stimulating the left ear no difference in magnitude is found.… The responses from contralateral stimulation are approx. 9 ms earlier than those from ipsilateral stimulation with no interhemispheric differences.19

When “the component of the magnetic field normal to the skull was measured; in some cases this component was oriented in the outward direction (group 1 and some group 2 subjects), in the other cases in the inward direction (group 2),” find Bak, Lebech and Saermark (1985).20

“By recording the magnetic field of the human brain while simultaneously presenting light to the eye and sound to the ear we have identified a brain region where auditory and visual signals converge,” find Regan, He, and Regan (1995). “The location of this region is close to primary auditory cortex and far from primary visual cortex.”21

“Exposure to static magnetic fields as used in NMR-equipment generates a new encephalomagnetic field in human brain,” finds Von Klitzing (1991).22

“By measuring sleep parameters, the REM latency is shortened in the E-W position of sleepers compared with the N-S position,” find Ruhenstroth-Bauer, Gunther, Hantschk, Klages, Kugler and Peters (1993). “There are statistically significant differences in the EEG of normal subjects, depending on whether the subjects sit facing the N-S or E-W direction. The difference is especially pronounced in the alpha-power.” 23

Aldous Huxley notes in Brave New World Revisited:

In deep sleep the electroencephalograph re­cords no alpha waves; in light sleep alpha waves make their appearance. In this respect light sleep is closer to the waking and hypnotic states (in both of which al­pha waves are present) than it is to deep sleep.24

Emotiv EPOC EEG Headset

“The amount of data…[is] reduced by extracting broad band coherence values for…frequency bands; [including] delta (2-3.9 Hz), theta (4-7.9 Hz), alpha 1 (8-9.9 Hz), alpha 2 (10-12.9 Hz), and beta 1 (13-17.9 Hz),” note Harada, Shirasishi, Kato, and Soda (1996).25

“Brainwave-reading devices, which control computers hands-free, have become increasingly popular for entertainment, control of prosthetics for paralyzed individuals,ii and military application,” writes Gregory Ferenstein for the TechCrunch website. “The latest commercial versions of brain-reading devices, often used by researchers and software developers, can cost as little as $300.” 26

“At first, the headsets were more or less novelties, a fun new way to play video games, but as the technology improved, all kinds of industries – from medicine to education, security to government – are looking for ways to take advantage of brain-controlled interfaces,” explains Adam_Clark_Estes on the MotherBoard website.27

“At the Usenix security conference in Seattle,…a group of researchers from the University of California at Berkeley, Oxford University and the University of Geneva presented a paper (PDF here) that hints at the darker side of a future where brain sensors are used to let thoughts manipulate computers as fluidly as a mouse,” reports Forbes:

Analong waveform quantized into digital sample

The researchers found they were able to extract hints directly from the electrical signals of the test subjects’ brains that partially revealed private information like the location of their homes, faces they recognized and even their credit card PINs.

These devices have access to your raw EEG [electroencephalography, or electrical brain signal] data, and that contains certain neurological phenomena triggered by subconscious activities,” says Ivan Martinovic, a member of the faculty in the department of computer science at Oxford. “So the central question we were asking with this is work was, is this is a privacy threat?” 28

NASA subvocal sensors
NASA Ames Research Center, Dominic Hart

“NASA scientists have begun to computerize human, silent reading using nerve signals in the throat that control speech,” reports John Bluck with the Ames Research Center in California:

“What is analyzed is silent, or subauditory, speech, such as when a person silently reads or talks to himself,” said Chuck Jorgensen, a scientist whose team is developing silent, subvocal speech recognition at NASA’s Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif. “Biological signals arise when reading or speaking to oneself with or without actual lip or facial movement,” Jorgensen explained.

“A person using the subvocal system thinks of phrases and talks to himself so quietly, it cannot be heard, but the tongue and vocal chords do receive speech signals from the brain,” Jorgensen said.29

“A team of Yale researchers, led by a then-undergraduate student, have made an astonishing step forward in brain science,” reports the website:

The (perhaps unsettling) breakthrough allows scientists to use a medical imaging machine and a well-trained algorithm to visually reconstruct faces seen by test subjects.…

Faces have historically been very difficult to see via the brain. Ever since brain scientists first found our visual processor (the occipital lobe, at the back of the head), they have tried to read and interpret its activity to reconstruct visual data. They reasoned that a detailed-enough model for how each “pixel” we see appears in the visual cortex would allow a one-to-one reconstruction — but that’s only true some of the time. When viewing images like buildings or furniture, simple and inherently unemotional objects, we see mostly with our eyes. When we view a human face, on the other hand, we “see” it in both the visual and emotional brains, evaluate it on a visual and a personal level, and look at it through rotating lenses of trust, safety, sex, and more.…

This research used functional MRI scans (fMRI), which tracks neuro-excitation in real-time. The results are the first direct reading of visual information from outside of the visual cortex, and as can be seen in the figure above, it provided powerful results. Both the “occipital” and “non-occipital” constructions are inferior to the image using whole-brain information. By looking at areas like the ventral temporal cortex, they hope to get a more detailed view of perception than ever before.30

MRI faces
Visualization of the measurement concept. Two photons are separated into different paths, being each one in a superposition of many modes. The dimensionality of entanglement is determined performing 12 measurements, two projective measurements on each of the three components of the orbital angular momentum of each photon. Quantum entanglement
Credit: Krenn et al (2013)

“There are two primary quantum mechanics principles…found to be inescapable in the explanation of any type of phenomena or interaction: quantum entanglement and nonlocality,” writes Amanda Flaker for the Chakra Center:

Quantum entanglement is the quantum principle through which atoms, cells, objects, and living organisms cannot be separated. Nothing is free of quantum entanglement.iii Things which are quantumly entangled should have, at some point in history, shared a link, common origin, or communication. Because atoms, cells, and physiological architecture can all be traced to the same root source, especially human DNA, quantum entanglement permeates our entire existence. This means every piece of existence affects one another in a profound, instantaneous way with every thought form, feeling, or action. The physical manifestations of these connections are what we usually notice, but the energetic interplay is far more significant.

Nonlocality is another principle of quantum mechanics, exposing space and time for its true illusory nature. Nonlocality works in tandem with quantum entanglement, connecting particles, creatures, and consciousness, irrespective of the third dimensional perspective of space-time limitations. This means a quantumly entangled particle from 2012 can simultaneously affect its counterpart in 1984.31

How brainwaves affect our daily life

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ii “Paralysis,” a word derived from the Greek, refers to the loss of movement. It is typically caused by damage to upper motor neurons in the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) or lower motor neurons – peripheral nerves – that originate in the spinal cord and course through the limbs to the fingers and toes. Injuries may occur at any point in the chain of nerves originating in the brain and ending at the muscles.
– Jon Mukand, MD, PhD, The Man with the Bionic Brain: And Other Victories Over Paralysis (Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press, 2012), p. x.

iii In a milestone for quantum computing, researchers at ETH Zurich have demonstrated quantum teleportation in a solid-state circuit. Even more, they’ve broken something of a quantum speed record – they estimate that their system could teleport 10,000 quantum bits per second. This teleportation occurred on a setup involving superconducting circuits in a configuration resembling a conventional computer chip.…

There are two big advantages to quantum teleportation – first, it’s more information dense than current systems. A quantum bit (or “qubit”) can hold more information than a classic bit. Second, it’s more secure – the act of trying to eavesdrop on two entangled particles will affect the communication on the quantum level, letting the sender and receiver know that somebody’s trying to intercept data.…

Entanglement is a very, very fragile process. Currently, the world record for quantum teleportation is a distance of about 88 miles. But if teleportation can occur in a solid state chip, the researchers note in a pre-publication version of their paper that the use of solid-state chips could lead to the development of “quantum repeaters.” These quantum repeaters, like repeaters used in fiberoptic and radio transmissions you use every day when you make a cell phone call, could strengthen quantum teleportation signals over a network, enabling those signals to travel farther distances.
– Alex Knapp, “The First Quantum Teleportation In A Computer Chip,” Forbes, 17 August 2013, at (retrieved: 9 June 2014).

14 E. Knutsson & L. Gransberg (Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden), Localization of epileptic foci with multichannel magnetoencephalography, MEG, Acta Neurochir Suppl (Wein), 1995, 64.

15 magnetoencephalography, Richard P. Brennan, Dictionary of Scientific Literacy, (New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992).

16 Knutsson and Gransberg, “Localization.”

17 R. Hari, K. Aittoniemi, M. L. Jarvinen, T. Katila & T. Varpula, Auditory evoked transient and sustained magnetic fields of the human brain. Localization of neural generators, Experimental Brain Research, 1980, 40(2).

18 D. E. Farrell, J. H. Tripp, R. Norgren & R. J. Teyler, A study of the auditory evoked magnetic field of the human brain, Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol, July 1980, 49(1-2).

19 C. Elberling, C. Bak, B. Kofoed, J. Lebech & K. Saermark, Auditory magnetic fields from the human cortex. Influence of stimulus intensity, Scan Audiology, 1981, 10(3).

20 CF. K. Bak, J. Lebech & K. Saermark, Dependence of the auditory evoked magnetic field (100 msec signal) of the human brain on the intensity of the stimulus, Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol, Aug 1985, 61(2).

21 M. P. Regan, P. He, & D. Regan (Department of Psychology, York University, North York, Ontario, Canada. Martin/, An audio-visual convergence area in the human brain, Experimental Brain Research, 1995, 106(3).

22 L. von Klitzing (Department of Clinical Research, Medical University Luebeck, Germany), A new encephalomagnetic effect in human brain generated by static magnetic fields, Brain Research, 1 Feb 1991, 540(1-2).

23 G. Ruhenstroth-Bauer, W. Gunther, I. Hantschk, U. Klages, J. Kugler & J. Peters (Max-Planck-Institut fur Biochemie, Martinsried), Influence of the earth’s magnetic field on resting and activated EEG mapping in normal subjects, International Journal of Neuroscience, 1993, 73(3-4).

24 Aldous Huxley, Brave New World Revisited, 1958, at (retrieved: 12 December 2013).

25 H. Harada, K. Shiraishi, T. Kato, T. Soda, Coherence analysis of EEG changes during odour stimulation in humans, Journal of Laryngology and Otology, July 1996, 110(7).

26 Gregory Ferenstein, “Brain Hacking: Scientists Extract Personal Secrets With Commercial Hardware,” TechCrunch, 27 August 2012, at (retrieved: 18 November 2012).

27 Adam_Clark_Estes, “The Downside to Brain Wave-Controlled Video Games: Hackers Can Read Your Thoughts,” MotherBoard, 16 August 2012, at (retrieved: 18 November 2012).

28 “‘Mind-Control’ Gaming Devices Leak Brain Data That Help Researchers Guess Users’ Secrets,” Forbes, 16 August 2012, at (retrieved: 18 November 2012).

29 John Bluck, “NASA Develops System To Computerize Silent, ‘Subvocal Speech’,” NASA, 17 March 2004, at (retrieved: 22 March 2014).

30 Graham Templeton, “Mind-reading breakthrough can recreate the faces you see in your brain,”, 26 March 2014, at (retrieved: 27 March 2014).

31 John-Roger, Psychic Protection, Revised (Los Angeles, California: Mandeville Press, 2004, 1997, 1976), pp. 141, 141-142.

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